Dahanu, a small taluka on the north western tip of Maharashtra was one among only three regions declared as an ecologically fragile zone in India in 1991. The notification and the enviro-legal battle that followed put Dahanu on the national map as an area that had succeeded in derailing industrialisation and retaining its agricultural and horticultural status.  However whether the battle for ecological equity inevitably compromises opportunities for economic development is a question the communities of Dahanu have grappled with for over two decades. While there may be no simple answers, Dahanu’s communities live in a paradoxical reality. Even as the environmental movement has sheltered them from the hazards of unregulated industrialisation, it has been unable to provide an alternative viable reality, while restricting many of the benefits of the modern economy.

Tamarind Tree has been part of the campaign both in terms of engaging with the Supreme Court appointed Dahanu Taluka Environment Protection Authority as well as providing analysis and research from a multidisciplinary point of view.